Published Clinical Literature

BioElectronics Published Clinical Literature

Sree Koneru, Kenneth McCleod, and Richard Staelin. “How Electroceuticals Treat Chronic Pain.” U.S. Pain Foundation, U.S. Pain Foundation, 9 Feb. 2022,

Khooshideh M, Latifi Rostami SS, Sheikh M, Ghorbani Yekta B, Shahriari A. Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields for Postsurgical Pain Management in Women Undergoing Cesarean Section: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-controlled Trial. Clin J Pain. 2017 Feb;33(2):142-147. doi: 10.1097/AJP.0000000000000376. PMID: 28060214.

Mohameed, Rachid & Koneru, Sree & Staelin, Richard & Mcleod, Kenneth & Tabbouche, Omar & Rawe, Ian. (2020). Pulsed Shortwave Therapy in Cervical Osteoarthritis: An NSAID- Controlled, Randomized Clinical Trial. 10.21203/

Richard Staelin, Sree N. Koneru, and Ian M. Rawe, “A Prospective Six-Month Study of Chronic Pain Sufferers: A Novel OTC Neuromodulation Therapy,” Pain Research and Management, vol. 2019, Article ID 3154194, 11 pages, 2019.

Ghorbani Yekta, Batool. (2017). Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields for Postsurgical Pain Management in Women Undergoing Cesarean Section A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-controlled Trial. 

Rawe, I.M., Lowenstein, A., Barcelo, C.R. et al. Aesth Plast Surg (2012) 36: 458.

Bagnato GL, Miceli G, Marino N, Sciortino D, Bagnato GF. (2015) Pulsed electromagnetic fields in knee osteoarthritis: a double blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2015 Dec 24. pii: kev426. [Epub ahead of print]

Rawe IM, Kotak DC. (2015) A UK registry study of the effectiveness of a new over-the-counter chronic pain therapy. Pain Manag. Nov;5(6):413-23

Rawe, I. M. (2014) The Case for Over-the-Counter Shortwave Therapy: Safe and Effective Devices for Pain Management, Pain Management Journal January 2014, Vol. 4, No. 1, Pages 37-43

Rawe I (2012) Pulsed radio-frequency electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy as an adjunct wound healing therapy. Wounds International 3(4):32-34

Brook, J., Dauphinee, D. M., Korpinen, J., and Rawe, I. M. (2012) Pulsed radiofrequency electromagnetic field therapy: a potential novel treatment of plantar fasciitis, J Foot Ankle Surg 51, 312-316.

Rawe, I. M., Lowenstein, A., Barcelo, C. R., and Genecov, D. G. (2012) Control of postoperative pain with a wearable continuously operating pulsed radiofrequency energy device: a preliminary study, Aesthetic Plast Surg 36, 458-463.

Rawe, I. M., and Vlahovic, T. C. (2012) The use of a portable, wearable form of pulsed radio frequency electromagnetic energy device for the healing of recalcitrant ulcers: a case report, Int Wound J 9, 253-258.

Teven, C. M., Greives, M., Natale, R. B., Su, Y., Luo, Q., He, B. C., Shenaq, D., He, T. C., and Reid, R. R. (2012) Differentiation of osteoprogenitor cells is induced by high-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields, J Craniofac Surg 23, 586-593.

Bentall, R. H. C. (1986) Low-level pulsed radiofrequency fields and the treatment of soft tissue injuries., Bioelectrochem Bioenerg 16, 531–548.

Nicolle, F. V., and Bentall, R. M. (1982) Use of radio-frequency pulsed energy in the control of postoperative reaction in blepharoplasty, Aesthetic Plast Surg 6, 169-171.

Brian M. Ilfeld, Engy T. Said, Baharin Abdullah, John J. Finneran IV (2022) Treating Intractable Postamputation Pain with Noninvasive, Wearable, Nonthermal, Pulsed Shortwave (Radiofrequency) Therapy: A 12-Patient Case Series, Am J Case Rep 2022; 23:e937549

Other Published Research

Al-Mandeel, M. M., and Watson, T. (2010) The thermal and nonthermal effects of high and low doses of pulsed short wave therapy (PSWT), Physiother Res Int 15, 199-211.

Foley-Nolan, D., Barry, C., Coughlan, R. J., O’Connor, P., and Roden, D. (1990) Pulsed high frequency (27MHz) electromagnetic therapy for persistent neck pain. A double blind, placebo-controlled study of 20 patients, Orthopedics 13, 445-451.

Foley-Nolan, D., Moore, K., Codd, M., Barry, C., O’Connor, P., and Coughlan, R. J. (1992) Low energy high frequency pulsed electromagnetic therapy for acute whiplash injuries. A double blind randomized controlled study, Scand J Rehabil Med 24, 51-59.

Guo, L., Kubat, N. J., and Isenberg, R. A. (2011) Pulsed radio frequency energy (PRFE) use in human medical applications, Electromagn Biol Med 30, 21-45.

Guo, L., Kubat, N. J., Nelson, T. R., and Isenberg, R. A. (2012) Meta-analysis of clinical efficacy of pulsed radio frequency energy treatment, Ann Surg 255, 457-467.

Heden, P., and Pilla, A. A. (2008) Effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on postoperative pain: a double-blind randomized pilot study in breast augmentation patients, Aesthetic Plast Surg 32, 660-666.

Rohde, C., Chiang, A., Adipoju, O., Casper, D., and Pilla, A. A. (2010) Effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on interleukin-1 beta and postoperative pain: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, pilot study in breast reduction patients, Plast Reconstr Surg 125, 1620-1629.

Shields, N., Gormley, J., and O’Hare, N. (2002) Short-wave diathermy: current clinical and safety practices, Physiother Res Int 7, 191-202.

Stiller, M. J., Pak, G. H., Shupack, J. L., Thaler, S., Kenny, C., and Jondreau, L. (1992) A portable pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) device to enhance healing of recalcitrant venous ulcers: a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, Br J Dermatol 127, 147-154.

Strauch, B., Herman, C., Dabb, R., Ignarro, L. J., and Pilla, A. A. (2009) Evidence-based use of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy in clinical plastic surgery, Aesthet Surg J 29, 135-143.

Nelson, F. R., Zvirbulis, R., and Pilla, A. A. (2012) Non-invasive electromagnetic field therapy produces rapid and substantial pain reduction in early knee osteoarthritis: a randomized double-blind pilot study, Rheumatol Int.

Frykberg, R. G., Driver, V. R., Lavery, L. A., Armstrong, D. G., and Isenberg, R. A. (2011) The use of pulsed radio frequency energy therapy in treating lower extremity wounds: results of a retrospective study of a wound registry, Ostomy Wound Manage 57, 22-29.

Itoh, M., Montemayor, J. S., Jr., Matsumoto, E., Eason, A., Lee, M. H., and Folk, F. S. (1991) Accelerated wound healing of pressure ulcers by pulsed high peak power electromagnetic energy (Diapulse), Decubitus 4, 24-25, 29-34.

Larsen, J. A., and Overstreet, J. (2008) Pulsed radio frequency energy in the treatment of complex diabetic foot wounds: two cases, J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 35, 523-527.

Salzberg, C. A., Cooper-Vastola, S. A., Perez, F., Viehbeck, M. G., and Byrne, D. W. (1995) The effects of non-thermal pulsed electromagnetic energy on wound healing of pressure ulcers in spinal cord-injured patients: a randomized, double-blind study, Ostomy Wound Manage 41, 42-44, 46, 48 passim.